Basketball is a very thrilling and action-packed game. This game is not as complicated as it looks. Thankfully, the fundamentals of basketball is very straightforward. There are some exceptions, though, that we will be discussing in this article about basketball basics.
There are many things you need to know in order to grasp the concept of basketball fundaments to the core fully.
Remember that footwork is always remain as a core part of every game. So give your best don’t forget to grab the best basketball shoes for your feet. If you have a bit less budget then go for some affordable basketball shoes offering different brands even every brand has the best basketball shoes under 100 without compromising the quality
Let’s discuss them one by one.
Table Of Contents
- 1 Basketball Basics Rules
- 1.1 1. Time Frame – Basketball Basics
- 1.2 2. Start Of Game
- 1.3 3. Players
- 1.4 4. Player Positions
- 1.5 5. Basketball Court
- 1.6 6. Moving The Ball
- 1.7 7. Basketball Basics Scoring System
- 1.8 8. Penalties
- 1.9 Frequently Asked Question For Basics
Basketball Basics Rules
Basketball is a top-rated game in the United States. The objective of the game is to throw the ball in the hoops to score points. The scores depend upon the distance from which the ball hs thrown into the hoops. In the end, the team with the maximum number of points wins the game.
1. Time Frame – Basketball Basics
There are two types of clocks in a basketball game.
a. Game Clock
The NBA has four 12 minute periods while the NCCA has two 20 minute periods.
b. Shot Clock
After getting the possession of the ball, the team has a limited time to make the shot. This time varies from league to league.
NBA has 24 seconds; NCAA has 30 seconds while the FIBA has 24/12 seconds time limit.
2. Start Of Game
The basketball game starts when the ref throws the ball up in the air standing at the center ring. Each team then starts struggling to get the possession of the ball to secure points.
There are a total of twelve players in each of the teams. There can be a maximum of five players in the Basketball court at a time. The team can have as much as substitutes in the game as desired. There is no restriction on the number of substitutes made.
4. Player Positions
There are five players from each side of the team in the basketball court. The players have known by the position they possess in the court.
The names for the players used in the basketball are:
- Point Guard
- Shooting Guard
- Small Forward
- Power Forward
a. Point Guard
The point guard, which is also known as the one, is the leader of the basketball team on the court. The player present on the point guard is responsible for running the ball and controlling the game.
These players are usually very lightning-fast and create the chances of points for their own and all the other teammates as well.
Point Guard players are also known as the “Field Coaches.” These players analyze the weakness of the opposing team’s defense and create the strategies.
b. Shooting Guard
Shooting guard is also known as the “Two” or “Off-Guard.” The players occupying the shooting guard position are skilled shooters, and they are responsible for getting points for their teams. These players have trained to shoot the ball from long distances.
Some shooting guard players have excellent ball-handling skills basketball too. They create chances for shooting the ball themselves during the dribble.
A versatile shooting guard has the abilities of a right point guard and shooting guard. Players who fit the hybrid role are called the “Combo Guard.”
The typical height range for the shooting guard player ranges from 1.85 m to 2.01m.
c. Small Forward
The small forward is the most versatile and essential player of any basketball team. The small forward is the most skilled player. It is responsible for creating score opportunities, drawing fouls on the offense, and defending the scores against the opponent players.
Small forward is also called “3”. These players have a variety of features in their skill set. They are fast and have incredible strength. They are often also the second-best shooters available in the team after the shooting guards.
The typical height range for the small forward ranges from 1.92m to 2.04m.
d. Power Forward
Power forward is also called the “4”. These players are the team’s most potent and heavy players. The responsibility of the power-forward is to sit in the low blocks. They can score close to the basket, and the maximum shooting range for these players is typically 10-15 feet from the basket.
Most of the power forwards are more versatile than the centers. They can be part of the play instead of staying on the low block.
The height range for the power forward ranges from 1.97 m to 2.09m.
The center, also called the “5” is usually plays in the low post area near the basket. They are the tallest players in the team. These players have trained for jumping and putting the ball right in the basket. They are also responsible for blocking other players.
They are the most important players in any team. A center player is usually a bit slow but very tall. A typical center player is at least 2.08m tall.
5. Basketball Court
The basketball court is a rectangular surface area with baskets at both ends. The surface area of the court has made up of wood (often Maple wood). Court length and width in the NBA are 94 ft and 50ft, respectively. You have to fully understand each section of the basketball court in order to grasp the basketball basics fully.
- Center Ring
- Half Court Line
- Three Point Line
- Low Post Area
- Free Throw Lane
There are a lot of court lines on the basketball court. These lines define different sections of the basketball court.
b. Center Ring
The center ring present at the mid of the basketball court is used to tip-off the ball.
c. Half Court Line
The half-court line, as the name suggests, distributes the basketball court into two different sections. This line is present at the center of the court.
This line has various other names such as the ten-second line, division line, mid-court line, etc.
d. Three Point Line
The three-point line separates the two-point area and the three-point area. If the player throws the balls into the basketball pocket, it has is considered as three-point shot.
On the other hand, if the player shoots the ball inside the basket inside this line, he gets two points for his team.
e. Low Post Area
It is one of the most important areas in the basketball court. It is the closest area to the basketball basket that is outside the free zone.
f. Free Throw Lane
The free throw lane or the key is the painted area that is beneath the basket. This area prevents the opponent players from staying in the area for longer than three seconds.
6. Moving The Ball
The main motive of the game is to move the ball to the basketball basket to secure scores. There are three main ways to move the ball in the basketball game.
When any basketball player has a ball in possession, he has to keep moving the ball without touching it with both hands. If a player holds the ball with both hands, he has only five seconds to either pass the ball to the next player or to shoot the ball into the basket.
If a player has the ball, he usually bounces the ball onto the floor to move towards the basket. This bouncing of the ball is called the dribbling.
You can only dribble the ball and cannot restart dribbling again after holding the ball. Doing so results in the form of penalty.
The ball can be passed to the next player when a player stops dribbling within five seconds.
To secure points, you have to shoot the ball into the basketball basket. You have only five seconds before you can shoot the ball into the basket.
7. Basketball Basics Scoring System
The basketball game revolves around the scores. To score points, you have to throw the ball into the basket.
There can be three, two, or one score for each ball thrown into the basket.
- Three Score
- Two Score
- One Score
a. Three Scores
The player has awarded three scores if he throws the ball into the basket from outside the three-point lane.
b. Two Score
There are two scores for each ball thrown into the basket while inside the three-point line.
c. One Score
Each free throw in the game carries one point. It is termed as free throw because there is no hurdle between you and the basket other than the distance.
There are three main types of penalties in the basketball game. With each penalty, the ref blows the whistle, and the game stops for the assessment of the penalty.
- Personal Penalty
- Ball Penalty
- Time Penalty
a. Personal Penalty
When one team has the ball in possession, the other team tries to get the possession of the ball back. The players from the defense team try to stop the offensive player from scoring points.
During this, the defense players may make mistakes that have not permitted in the game.
b. Ball Penalty
The basketball ball has to be carried in a certain way to secure the points. You have three ways to move the ball. Either dribble, pass, or shoot. But all these points come with some sort of restrictions.
Breaking the rule results in some sort of penalty.
c. Time Penalty
Certain time penalties apply in the game. For example, in the NBA, each time we should have at least one try to put the ball in the basket every thirty seconds.
Certain penalties apply when you do not follow the time restrictions.
Frequently Asked Question For Basics
Q-1: What are the 13 rules of basketball basics?
Reply: In the NBA matches, rule 13 is “There are four quarters of 12 min each and the half time break consists of 15 min.”
Q-2: What are the five fouls in basketball basics?
Reply: The player will be disqualified for the remaining game if he commits the five personal fouls in 40 min game or six personal fouls in 48min game.
Q-3: What is the 10-second rule in basketball basics?
Reply: The offensive player or team has to cross the ball within 10 sec across half court. Otherwise, the offensive team loses possession of the ball. Once the Offensive team has crossed the ball from the half-court, and this is called over-and-back
Q-4: What is the 24-second rule in basketball basics?
Reply: In the short clock, the team allows us to make a shot within 24 seconds. If the fouls occurred then the opponent team will get the possession of the ball
Q-5: What is a 5-second violation in basketball?
Reply: A five-second violation generally committed by the offensive player. When the player has closely guarded for five seconds or more, the five-second foul has occurred.